Raw Material Selection

The best wool is sourced and processed

Hand-Knotted: In a technique that has been handed down from generation to generation, yarn is wrapped and then knotted around each warp thread. Each piece of yarn is then hand-cut and hand-tamped to form tightly constructed knotted carpet rugs. The attention to detail by expert craftsmen results in a beautiful rug with a lasting value and presence.

Hand-tufted: With the aid of a tufting tool, skilled tradesman pass yarn through a frame-stretched, fabric backing on which a pattern is drawn on. Both cut and looped piles are achieved through this process. The tufted pile rug is backed with latex for stability, then with fabric for a finished look.

Hand-loomed: From luxurious shag rugs to versatile cotton rag rugs, a variety of looks and textures are achieved with the use of a loom. A combination of colors and yarn thicknesses is intricately handwoven to create contemporary or traditional designs. Each step of construction of our woven rugs involves hand-finishing by skilled artisans.

Machine-loomed: An efficient way to shape a variety of textures at a value is with the machine-loomed process. Power-loomed rugs are usually synthetic or fiber and can include cut pile weaves, rib patterns and bouclé weaves.

Warp: The vertical yarn attached to the upper and bottom beam. The warp is the foundation of the rug.

Weft: The horizontal yarn passed through the rug. These are the building blocks to the rugs structure.

Pile: Is the thickness of the rug from the base.


These are your traditional Persian rugs. A knot is created using the following steps.

  1. Pass the yarn through one vertical warp on the left side.

  2. Bring it back to the front on the right side of the warp.

  3. Pass it though the right side of the next warp on the left.

  4. Finally, bring it back to the front on the left side.

That creates one knot and it can now be cut. This is a little complicated but the photo below will help.



These are done on a loom and the process takes 1-4 people depending on the size of the rug. On the loom, the yarn or weft is thrown through the middle of the bottom and top warp.


The weaver then compacts the rug with the beater and the weft and warp are woven together. This alone is considered a flatweave.



Tufted rugs are similar to loomed rugs but built in different ways. Instead of starting with a warp and making the weft using the loom, a tufted rug starts with a foundation cloth.


The foundation cloth is pre-woven fabric with small squares.

Rug Making Process
The process of making our hand-made rugs operates on a decentralized model, supported by comprehensive quality checks along the way. With this approach, we are able to work with and support specialist artisans in many different locations, but ensure the highest quality in the end results.
Carding, Spinning & Hanks

Raw wool is cleaned and then spun into yarn


Mirza rugs dyes wool to over 3000 colors


Artisans weave the rugs from a provided rug map


Rugs are washed to bring out the natural sheen in the yarns used and dislodge any dirt from the weaving process


The completed rugs are evened out, trimmed and prepared for export

Finished Product

The finished rug is purchased by a customer to transform living spaces